Thursday, August 18, 2016

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Monday, August 8, 2016

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Monday, August 1, 2016

Equipe médica comprova mais um caso de intoxicação pelo arsênio em Paracatu com desfecho fatal

Desta vez a vítima, uma paciente de 19 anos, desenvolveu sintomas neurológicos, hematológicos e gastrointestinais durante a gravidez, vindo a perder o feto de 22 semanas. A equipe médica interdisciplinar do Hospital de Base de Brasília diagnosticou intoxicação crônica pelo arsênio.

A paciente vive em Paracatu, cidade contaminada pelo arsênio liberado pela maior mineração de ouro a céu aberto do Brasil, operada pela transnacional canadense Kinross Gold Corporation. 

O arsênio é absorvido através das vias respiratória e gastrointestinal e acumula-se lentamente nos ossos das pessoas. Durante a gravidez, a taxa de osteoressorção aumenta, e consequentemente a taxa de liberação do arsênio armazenado cronicamente nos ossos aumenta, podendo atingir níveis de intoxicação sub-aguda.

Este não é o primeiro caso de morte causada pela Kinross em Paracatu, nem será o último, pois o arsêno liberado pela mineradora continuará matando por décadas e séculos. Mas este é um dos casos mais bem documentados até o momento. 

Em 2009, a Fundação Acangau entrou com uma ação civil pública em Paracatu exigindo a realização de um estudo epidemiológico, clínico e laboratorial de toda a população da cidade. Passados 7 anos, o pedido ainda não foi atendido, e as pessoas continuam a ser intoxicadas e mortas pela Kinross em Paracatu, com a cumplicidade de certos políticos e a condescendência de certas autoridades do Ministério Público e da Justiça.

A vítima desta vez entrou com uma ação contra a Kinross. A depender do padrão de impotencia, inação, cooptação, incompetência e corrupção por parte de ceras autoridades de Paracatu e do Brasil, a vítima corre o risco de ser culpada por ter nascido em Paracatu, e a invasora Kinross inocentada de mais um crime hediondo.

Sergio Ulhoa Dani, de St.Gallen, Suíça, em 01 de agosto de 2016

Monday, December 21, 2015

Une contamination grave, persistante et progressive de l’environnement, assortie d’une intoxication de la population par l’arsenic libéré par l’entreprise minière Kinross à Paracatu, Brésil est confirmée

Décembre 2015. 

Un rapport remis cette semaine au tribunal du Minas Gerais et aux Ministères publics de l’Etat du Minas Gerais et fédéral confirme l’intoxication chronique de dizaines de personnes par l’arsenic libéré par l’activité aurifère menée à grande échelle à Paracatu.

Les mesures des taux d’arsenic ont été réalisées par un géologue de Paracatu, Marcio Jose dos Santos, en collaboration avec un médecin exerçant en Suisse, Sergio Ulhoa Dani. Les spécialistes ont mesuré la concentration d’arsenic dans les eaux souterraines et superficielles et dans l’urine des enfants et adultes résidents en aval des barrages de rejets toxiques de la transnationale canadienne Kinross Gold Corporation (TSX:K; NYSE:KGC).

Des dizaines de personnes examinées présentaient des niveaux d’arsenic dans l’urine supérieurs à la concentration maximale tolérable, conformément aux taux fixés par l’OMS.

Ci-dessous figure un résumé du rapport remis aux autorités judiciaires de Paracatu, incluant les 10 recommandations faites par les spécialistes.

En savoir plus …
http://www.alertaparacatu.blogspot.ch/2015/12/comprovada-contaminacao-ambiental-grave.html

Thursday, July 17, 2014

UN strengthens regulations on lead in infant formula and arsenic in rice







Joint FAO-WHO Codex Alimentarius Committee sets new food safety standards

http://www.fao.org/news/story/en/item/238802/icode/ 


Photo: ©FAO/Giulio Napolitano

Rice for sale at a vendor's stall in Cox's Bazar, Bangladesh.







17 July 2014, Geneva - UN food standards body the Codex Alimentarius Commission this week adopted new standards to protect consumer health worldwide, including setting out maximum acceptable levels of lead in infant formula and of arsenic in rice. 

Jointly run by the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) and the World Health Organization (WHO), the Codex Alimentarius Commission sets international food safety and quality standards to promote safer and more nutritious food for consumers worldwide. Codex standards serve in many cases as a basis for national legislation, and provide the food safety benchmarks for international food trade.

The annual meeting this week was attended by representatives from 170 countries and the European Union, as well as 30 international governmental and non-governmental organizations.

Lead in infant formula

The Codex Alimentarius Commission adopted a recommendation that no more than 0.01 mg per kg of lead should be permitted in infant formula as consumed. 

Infants and young children are particularly vulnerable to the toxic effects of lead. They can suffer profound and permanent adverse health effects, particularly affecting the development of the brain and nervous system, which can diminish their ability to learn.

Lead occurs in the environment and trace amounts can end up in the ingredients that are used in the production of infant formula.

Levels of lead in infant formula can be controlled by sourcing raw materials from areas where lead is less present.

Arsenic in rice

For the first time, Codex has adopted a maximum level for arsenic in rice of 0.2 mg/kg.

Long-term exposure to arsenic can cause cancer and skin lesions. It has also been associated with developmental effects, heart disease, diabetes, and damage the nervous system and brain.

Arsenic is naturally present at high levels in the groundwater and soil in some parts of the world. The toxic element can enter the food chain when it is absorbed by crops from water and soil. 

Rice in particular can take up more arsenic than other crops and as a staple food for millions of people can contribute significantly to arsenic exposure, which is detrimental to human health. 

Arsenic contamination in rice is of particular concern in some Asian countries where paddy fields are irrigated with groundwater containing arsenic-rich sediments pumped from shallow tube wells. Improved irrigation and agricultural practices can help reduce arsenic contamination, for example growing crops in raised beds instead of flooded fields. 

The Commission also agreed to develop a new code of practice that will help countries comply with the maximum level set and provide producers with good agricultural and manufacturing techniques to prevent and reduce contamination.

Veterinary drugs

Codex recommended that the use of certain veterinary drugs should be restricted in food-producing animals in order to prevent residual amounts of the drugs remaining in meat, milk, eggs or honey. 

The eight drugs (chloramphenicol, malachite green, carbadox, furazolidone, nitrofural, chlorpromazine, stilbenes and olaquinadox), including antimicrobials and growth promoters, can potentially have adverse effects on human health and may contribute to the development of drug resistance.

Other measures

Countries also agreed on maximum levels of pesticide residues and additives in foods as well as maximum levels of contaminants, including toxins called fumonisins that are produced by mould growing on maize. Other measures include new safety and quality standards for foods such as raw scallops, passion fruit, durian and okra.

Future work

Countries decided on a range of topics for future development, including establishing standards for black, white and green pepper, cumin, oregano, thyme and garlic, and setting maximum levels for cadmium in chocolate and cocoa-derived products.

The Commission also discussed the need for a Codex standard for ready-to-eat foods for malnourished children, on the proposal from UNICEF, to guarantee the safety and quality of such foods. The Commission decide to follow up on this discussion at its Committee on Nutrition and Foods for Special Dietary Uses.